India’s installed capacity, excluding captive power, allows for a modest per capita consumption. The generation is insufficient to meet the demand, resulting in an overall shortfall of both peak capacity and energy. There is a strong push towards increasing supply, with an aim of tripling capacity in the coming decades. Such ambitious growth has both financial implications as well as resource availability challenges. In this report, CSTEP has added comments/observations throughout, with the aim to add value and insight to the data that capture statistics on the position of India’s power supply.
Nuclear Power has the potential for playing a major role in India’s quest for more power and is an important source of long-term energy security. The current nuclear capacity contributes 3% of the electricity. Future nuclear growth projections suggest the need for a dramatic growth in the coming decades. This study attempts to examine possible scenarios to achieve these growth projections in two decade time period (up to 2030). The report is prepared in an environment that India will not have its indigenous technologies and reactors but also imported reactors and materials to choose from. It evaluates various options from total indigenous efforts to a mix of imports and indigenous systems, compares the study’s analysis with that projected by Department of Atomic Energy and provides a short summary on different class of reactors.