Re-assessment of India’s On-shore Wind Power Potential
May 02, 2016
CSTEP, WFMS & SSEF
Wind energy is an important contributor to the global power sector. India ranks fourth with installed wind power capacity of 26 GW. The sector has seen exponential growth adding 1.5–3 GW of power per annum. There are, however, multiple independent reassessment studies that peg wind power potential much higher than that which has been officially estimated. Hence, from a policy standpoint, reassessment of India’s wind potential for effective implementation of policies has become imperative. A committee was constituted under the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy with the objective to reassess India’s onshore wind power potential for all major land types at hub heights of 100 and 120 m. The report discusses in detail the different methodologies used for the analysis along with some key findings.
The aim of the Power for All initiative launched by the Government o India is to provide 24x7 power to the entire country by 2019. This study, assigned by Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission (KERC), focuses on identifying key implementable strategies for the state to achieve the objectives stated under the initiative. The study also elucidates the current power supply scenario including estimates for future energy demand. A status analysis of 24x7 power supply along the dimensions of accessibility, adequacy, affordability, availability and reliability along with future plans for generation capacity and any foreseeable shortfalls (till Financial Year 2020) is also included. An enhancement of transmission capacity, renewable energy and energy efficiency is discussed in detail. The report also provides areas of focus for Karnataka to enable it to fulfil the objectives of the initiative.
Renewable sources of energy might seem to be a viable alternative for clean-power generation. However, their intermittency is an impediment. In this context, nuclear energy merits serious consideration. Public aversion exists due to its potential risks, past disasters and lack of suitable solutions for management of its high-level radioactive wastes, Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) in particular. This report deals with the quantity of radioactive waste generated, its effective management, containment and disposal. It also throws light upon High-Level Waste (HLW) and the storage of SNF. A brief description of the various techniques proposed, from an economic standpoint, and plausible suggestions for the growth of nuclear power in India is also provided.
There are continuing concerns over economic and environmental developments in many countries - some of these have intensified due to prolonged global energy, food and financial crises. In this context, “green economy” was proposed as a means for catalysing renewed national policy development and international cooperation and support for sustainable development. However, there is still a lack of clarity around what “green economy policy” encompasses and how it integrates with national and sub-national priorities and objectives relating to economic growth and poverty eradication. This stems from a lack of experience in designing, implementing and reviewing the costs and benefits of green economy policies and measures. The report covers the various dimensions of this study in Karnataka’s context.